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Importance of Human Nutrition in Agricultural Production

David Klurfeld506 - 31 2012 / (20)
Diets are composed of plant and animal foods that are produced by our agricultural system; accordingly, the support of human health must be an explicit goal of domestic agricultural production. To this end it is imperative that agricultural and food scientists and human nutritionists work together to ensure they have ...

National Nutrition Monitoring

: Human Nutrition Research Priorities
: diet, nutrition monitoring, nhanes, epidemiology, food composition, sr database
David Klurfeld506 - 31 2012 / (18)
These programs form the foundation of all nutritional epidemiology in the U.S. and provide snapshots of the nutritional health of the nation and its food supply. We will expand and improve the National Nutrient Databank which provides food composition data. We will determine food consumption and dietary patterns of Americans ...

Prevention of Obesity and Related Diseases

David Klurfeld506 - 31 2012 / (17)
We need to understand the causes and consequences of obesity and related diseases, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and chronic inflammation. We will develop and evaluate strategies to prevent obesity and related diseases. We will generate new information on both behavior and biology related to obesity prevention.

Scientific Basis for Dietary Guidance

David Klurfeld506 - 31 2012 / (9)
Federal nutrition policy and food assistance programs increasingly use the Dietary Guidelines for American and Dietary Reference Intakes as their basis and these need to be updated based on new knowledge. We will identify the role of food, nutrients, other food components, and physical activity in promoting health and preventing ...

Organic Home Gardening

Anna Marie Carter80 - 04 2012 / (7)
Teach all school children K-12 grades how to grow organic food. Raise the bar in each grade to include all aspects of organic agriculture. Make the promise to each student the opportunity to ingest fresh organic salads - everyday from the school gardens. Transfer the seeds from the school gardens ...

Life Stage Nutrition and Metabolism

David Klurfeld506 - 31 2012 / (7)
Three of the 6 Human Nutrition Research Centers have Congressionally-mandated missions to study nutritional needs of pregnant and lactating women, the fetus, infants, children, and the aging population. We need to explain mechanisms by which nutrition promotes healthy development and function from conception to old age. We will define the ...

fatty acid and epigenetics

: Human Nutrition Research Priorities
Ralphenia Pace61 - 04 2012 / (4)
Fatty acids and epigenetics are significant areas to study given the direct impact of different omega-3 vs omega-6 ratios on up or down regulating inflamatory genes. Omega-3 appears to have more significance than was initially thought.

Biomedical Agriculture

Henry Thompson41 - 14 2012 / (3)
There is a signficant communications gap between scientists working in the biomedical sciences and those working in agriculture, particularly production agriculture. It is critical to not only stimulate a dialogue between the many disciplines represented, but to actually advace a transdisciplinary research agenda with a particular emphasis on the biomedical ...

Scientific Basis for Dietary Guidance:implementation and Adherence

: Scientific Basis for Dietary Guidance
Chor Khoo20 - 11 2012 / (2)
Its important that dietary guidance/guidelines must be tested and validated to insure adherence and compliance prior to release to the public.

Breed for increased prebiotics in staple plant foods to improve their nutrition and health promoting qualities

: Human Nutrition Research Priorities
Ross Welch49 - 04 2012 / (2)
Prebiotics can stimulate the growth of beneficial microbiota in the human gut possibly improving the bioavailable levels of some nutrients in staple plant foods (rice, wheat, maize, beans, etc.). Prebiotics can be increased in plant foods by directed plant breeding for higher levels in edible portions of these crops.

Quality control in national reference food composition databases

: National Nutrition Monitoring
: food composition, data quality, food sampling design plans
Josephine Deeks33 - 21 2012 / (2)
In order to utilize the food consumption data results in terms of nutrient intakes for nutrition population studies, governments must maintain a reliable, unbiased, nationally representative database of the nutrient profiles of commonly consumed foods. These national reference nutrient databases should strive not to try be all things to all ...

Nutrition research recommendations

: Human Nutrition Research Priorities
Thomas Fungwe54 - 04 2012 / (2)
The USDA human nutrition research program focuses on nutrition monitoring and also provides scientific evidence for the development of dietary guidance policy, in the area of nutrition and health throughout the human life. Suggested recommendations: 1. Human nutrition research conducted at six human nutrition research centers do provide scientific information ...

Epigenetics and dietary fatty acid intake

: Human Nutrition Research Priorities
Eric Murphy56 - 04 2012 / (1)
The major thrust is to gain a biochemical understanding of what impact ingestion of different fatty acids has on epigenetics and thus control of gene expression. This should be done across the lifespan to better determine if the type of fatty acids ingested impacts gene expression in a manner that ...

Interaction of gut microbiota on food bioactives ingredients

: Human Nutrition Research Priorities
: microbiota, bioavailability
Jean Michel ANTOINE50 - 06 2012 / (1)
Gut microbiota is a new organ modulating bioavailability of many xenobiotics and bioactives found in diet. Exploring, flagging and clustering what is happening in the gut, main enzymatic systems, and main targets will benefit a) demonstration of health benefits of food ingredients by selecting "responders"; b) Agriculture to design production ...

School Nutrition - Plan w/stakeholders to provide onging scientific knowledge to inform policy and programing needs

: Life Stage Nutrition and Metabolism
: school
Kent Holt8 - 13 2012 / (1)
The USDA plays a critical role in school nutrition. The National School Lunch Program that the USDA administers is contributing greatly to the improved nutritional status of school aged children. As nutritional challenges evolve from those faced in the past it is important that nutrition knowledge is available to inform ...

Aging, sarcopenia, and protein intake

: Life Stage Nutrition and Metabolism
: protein, aging, sarcopenia, muscle
Gregory Miller22 - 15 2012 / (1)
Sarcopenia, or the loss of muscle mass with aging, is a significant public health concern, with some estimating as much as a 1% loss of lean mass per year after the age of 30 years (1,2). Loss of muscle mass and associated declines in strength and mobility may not only ...

Need to better understand metabolic health as and the role a higher protein diet has on cognitive function.

: Life Stage Nutrition and Metabolism
: protein, youth, cognitive function
Betsy Booren32 - 15 2012 / (0)
There is evidence that a higher protein diet is beneficial at younger ages for improved cognitive function. A better understanding is also needed to determine if similar evidence exists for the aging population. This is extremely important in the role of breakfast has in K-12 students and those populations that ...

Research relationship between low glycemic load diets and hypertension.

: Prevention of Obesity and Related Diseases
: disease prevention, dietary guidelines
Liz Wilkins26 - 12 2012 / (0)
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee report included a recommendation to, “Shift food intake patterns to a more plant-based diet that emphasizes vegetables, cooked dry beans and peas, fruits, whole grains, nuts, and seed.” This type of dietary pattern includes many low glycemic load foods. There is limited research showing ...

Need to better understand the protein requirements for the aging population

: National Nutrition Monitoring
: protein, aging, muscle
Betsy Booren32 - 15 2012 / (0)
New research suggests that higher protein diets for older individuals may improve muscle health. The impact on reducing healthcare costs (in terms of falls, etc), particularly with a rise in this demographic predicted over the next few years may be significant. Need to determine what role protein plays in the ...

Need to better understand nutrient intakes at younger and older ages

: Life Stage Nutrition and Metabolism
: nutrient intakes, young, aging
Betsy Booren32 - 15 2012 / (0)
Need to better understand nutrient intakes at younger and older ages and what health affect there is as nutrient intake levels may change, therefore making it difficult to meet nutrient requirements. There is evidence that nutrient intake is critical in the older population where food intake declines making it harder ...